India’s heaviest rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk-III, carried the Chandrayaan-2 mission successfully from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota,on july 22 -2019.The GSLV mk-III also called as bahubali. It is a Rs 978-crore project. The target is to find more evidence of water, clues about the moon’s evolution and work the natural satellite as a test bed for more space missions concerning the solar system. It will be the first operational flight of GSLV-Mk-3 which is a 640-tonne rocket.
- Originally, it was planned to be lifted off on July 15, 2019. But the plan was aborted by the Indian Space Research organization (ISRO) due to a technical glitch.
- The Chandrayaan 2 mission is set to explore the south polar region of the Moon, which is also known as Dark Side of the Moon due to the absence of sunlight in and around the craters of the Lunar Polar surface. It will explore the uncharted lunar south pole, 11 years after Isro’s successful first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, which made more than 3,400 orbits around the moon and was operational for 312 days till August 29, 2009.
- It carried 3 components namely the Orbiter, The Lander ‘Vikram’, and the Rover ‘Pragyaan. The Lander has been named after the father of the Indian Space Programme, Dr Vikram A Sarabhai. The life span of Vikram is one lunar day which is equivalent to 14 Earth days. It has the capability to communicate with The Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) at Byalalu near Bangalore and can also communicate with the Rover and the Orbiter too.
- Chandrayaan-2 will take 54 days to accomplish the task of landing on the Moon through meticulously planned orbital phases.
- It is world’s first mission to Moon’s South Pole. If successful, India will become the fourth nation to soft land on the Moon after the United States, Russia and China.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi took to twitter to congratulate ISRO after successful launch of Chandrayaan-2. PM Modi has written back to back four tweets to congratulate ISRO and the nation. He said that launch of Chandrayaan-2 is an immense pround for every Indian.
PM Modi said in his tweet that Chandrayaan-2 is special for India and ISRO as it will explore untouched south pole region of the Moon. In another tweet, he said that the launch of Chandrayaan2 illustrates the prowess of our scientists and the determination of 130 crore Indians to scale new frontiers of science.
GSLV Mk-III-M-1 is carrying three robotics to the Moon. But, this time two women scientists of ISRO were working behind the scene and made it possible for India.
This mission was leading by two women scientists of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Muthayya Vanitha was leading the Chandryaan-2 and on the other hand Ritu Karidhal was working as Mission Director. It had never happened before when women power is heading this much of highly important ISRO mission.
About GSLV Mk-III
- GSLV Mk-III is India’s most powerful rocket launch vehicle. It can transfer satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit.
- Launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III’s different stages are, S200 solid rocket boosters, L110 liquid stage, and the C25 upper stage.
- The six wheeled Pragyaan rover weighs 27kg and can generate 50W of electrical power. It can travel up to 500m and relies on solar energy for its functioning.