NAM Ministerial Meeting was held in Caracas, Venezuela
- Ministerial meeting of Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in Caracas, capital of Venezuela. Theme for 2019 Meet was- Promotion and Consolidation of Peace through Respect for International Law. Since 2016 Venezuela has held the presidency of NAM which will now be passed on to Azerbaijan in October 2019.
- Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) condemned the United States (US) sanctions against Venezuela. It called for the construction of a multipolar world.
- It was agreed to set up a working group to study how sovereign countries deal with coercive measures by hegemonic countries.
- India strongly rejected Pakistan’s references to Kashmir saying the global forum can never be a platform for a “self-serving narrative” that aims to undermine the territorial integrity of one nation by another State.
- India raised issues like climate change, digital technologies, and terrorism at the meeting.
The presidency of NAM which was held by Venezuela since 2016 will be passed to Azerbaijan in October 2019.
Government bans Colistin antibiotic
- The Centre has issued an order banning the last line antibiotic, colistin, for use in animals.
- With this ban, the government cracks down on the misuse of antibiotics as growth promoters in the poultry industry. This is one of the key reasons for growing antibiotic resistance in the country.
- The Health Ministry via an order on July 19 prohibited the manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements with immediate effect.
Rajnath Singh inaugurates Ujh and Basantarbridges
- The Ujh and Basantar bridges were inaugurated by the defence minister in Kathua and Samba districts of Jammu and
- The bridges are considered highly important as they will help in the smooth movement of security forces in and around the border areas.The Ujh bridge in Kathua is built at a cost of ₹50 crore and the basantar bridge in Samba district is built at a cost of Rs.41.7 crore.
- The bridges have been built on the project Sampark near the International border.
- The Ujh bridge in Kathua is the longest constructed by the Border Road Organization (BRO). The length of the Ujh Bridge is 1000 metre whereas the Basantar Bridge is 617.49 meter.
All toll lanes on National Highways to be ‘FASTag lanes’ from December 1, 2019
- To ensure seamless traffic and prevent congestion at toll plazas, the government Friday said it has decided to declare all lanes at toll fee plaza on national highways as ‘FASTag lanes’ from December 1.
- However, among all lanes, one ‘hybrid lane’ will be allowed at every toll plaza to facilitate and monitor over-dimensional or oversized vehicles, where FASTag and other modes of payment will be accepted.
- In a statement, the Minstry of Road Transport And Highways said this lane will also be converted into FASTag-only lane in a time-bound manner.
- After December 1, non-FASTag users will be charged double the fee if they pass through FASTag-only lanes.
FASTag is a prepaid tag that enables automatic deduction of toll charges and lets the vehicle pass through the toll plaza without stopping for the cash transaction.
10th Jagran Film festival inaugurated in New Delhi
10th Edition of Jagran Film Festival (JFF) was inaugurated by Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar at Siri Fort Auditorium in New Delhi.Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has plans to bring further additions to the National Museum of Indian Cinema, Mumbai.JFF is aimed towards creating a culture of cinema appreciation and create a platform that connects great content with audiences across the country.
Maharashtra tops in ATM frauds: RBI
Maharashtra reported 233 cases of ATM fraud in 2018-19, the highest in the entire country, Reserve Bank Of India (RBI) data, accessed by TOI, revealed. The data showed that Delhi grabbed the second spot with 179 cases, followed by Tamil Nadu with 147 cases of ATM fraud.
In Maharashtra, people lost Rs 4.8 crore to bank fraud, while in Delhi people lost Rs 2.9 crore. The country witnessed an increase in ATM fraud cases in general (up from 911 to 980). Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura were the only three states that didn’t report a single incident. However, the money lost came down from Rs 65.3 crore in 2017-18 to Rs 21.4 crore in 2018-19.
They said crooks were now employing various means to get control of people’s bank accounts through ATM or debit cards. The most commonly used trick is installing skimmer devices on ATMs and point-of-sale machines, which are then used to fraudulently copy data from cards. This data is then put on blank cards and illegal transactions are carried out.
Last year, customers were asked to replace their existing debit/credit cards with new ones as the RBI had mandated banks to replace all existing magnetic stripe-only cards with EMV chip cards.
Chip-based cards use higher standards of data encryption and storage technology compared to magnetic stripe cards. Sensitive customer data is stored on a chip in these, making it difficult for fraudsters to access customer information. The information in the chip is encrypted and so is the transmission of information thereon.
The shift to chip-based cards was driven globally due to increased risks of card cloning (cloning stems from magnetic stripe cards that have static information which is easily captured if the card is used at an ATM where a cloning device is installed).
Despite these measures, the number of incidents of ATM fraud has increased from 911 in 2017-18 to 980 in 2018-19. However, the amount involved has decreased drastically from Rs 63.3 crore to 21.4 crore.
|Maharashtra||233||Rs 4.8 crore|
|Delhi||179||Rs 2.9 crore|
|Tamil Nadu||147||Rs 3.63 crore|
|Karnataka||65||Rs 1.3 crore|
|Haryana||58||Rs 1.1 crore|
Andhra Pradesh became the first state in India to reserve 75% private jobs for locals
Andhra Pradesh on July22nd became the first state to reserve jobs for local youth after the assembly passed the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019, which reserves 75 per cent jobs in industrial units, factories, joint ventures and projects set up under public-private partnership mode.
According to the new law, if a company does not find the necessary skills in locals, then it will need to train them in association with the state government, the Times of India reported. This way, no company will be able to hide behind the excuse of not finding skilled local laborers.
The government had announced 1.33 lakh village volunteer jobs for unemployed youth in the state and the chief minister had said he wanted to implement the quota over the next three years and was confident of convincing industries.
Several states have put forth the idea of reserving jobs for locals, with Madhya Pradesh being the latest. On July 9, chief minister Kamal Nath had said he would bring in a law to reserve 70% jobs for locals, a promise he had made after the Congress came to power in December 2018.
While the step is positive in that it promotes local hiring, the state will also have to focus on skill development of the youth to ensure their employability.
Kerala Tourism organized 5-day annual Nishagandhi Monsoon Ragas Music Fest 2019
Kerala Tourism organized a 5-day annual Nishagandhi Monsoon Ragas Music Fest 2019 in Kanakakkunnu, Thiruvananthapuram. It was held from July 20-24, 2019. It was inaugurated by the Governor of Kerala, P Sathasivam at Nishagandhi Auditorium in Kanakakkunnu.Eminent classical musicians Parassala B Ponnammal, aged 95, and TV Gopalakrishnan, aged 87, were awarded Nishagandhi Sangeetha Puraskaram, instituted by Kerala Tourism for their outstanding contributions to music. The award carried a cash prize of Rs 1.5 lakh, a citation and a memento.
Govt Panel Headed By SC Garg Recommends Banning All Private Cryptocurrencies & Jail Time Of Up To 10 Years
The panel headed by Finance Secretary Subhash Garg, however makes a clear distinction between the private crypto currencies and an official one that the government may consider issuing in the future. Moreover, it advocated the use of Distributed Ledger Technologies, especially in financial services.On July 22, 2019 Subhash Chandra Garg submitted its report to the Finance Ministry.
It recommended that private cryptocurrencies be banned completely in India except for the one’s issue by the state.
It also drafted law, the ‘Banning of Cryptocurrency & Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2019’ & recommended a fine of up to 250 million rupees ($3.63 million) and imprisonment for up to 10 years for anyone who mines, generates, holds, sells, transfers or issues cryptocurrency.
It stated that Private digital currencies have no underlying intrinsic value and lacked the attributes of currency & there are around 2,116 cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin like Rippld, Ethereum, and Cardano with a market capitalization of $119.46 billion.
The panel was set up under SC Garg in 2017 after reports of extensive money laundering with the use of digital currencies.
The panel stated that distributed ledger technology (DLT), the most common use in which blockchain was good in financial and non-financial areas but cryptocurrencies which were a contradiction and would not work.
The other members in the panel include Ajay Prakash Sawhney, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology; Ajay Tyagi, chairman, Securities, and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), and B P Kanungo, deputy governor, RBI.
AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS
Indian bodybuilder Ravinder Malik clinches Mr South Asia title
Indian bodybuilder Ravinder Kumar Malik has clinched Mr. South Asia title. He has crowned the overall champion at 12th South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship in Kathmandu yesterday.
Malik, the winner of 80 kg category, was adjudged best bodybuilder among the winners of nine senior men’s weight categories. Afghanistan won team championship by securing a top position with 535 points. Host Nepal finished second with 445 points, while India remained third with 380 points.
Afghanistan won a total 15 medals including six gold, four silver and five bronze. Nepal bagged three gold, seven silver and six bronze and India claimed four gold, five silver and one bronze medal. The Maldives won three gold and two bronze medals, Pakistan bagged one gold, two silver and two bronze, while Bhutan finished last with a bronze medal.
A total of 91 bodybuilders participated in the championship organised by South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Federation under the auspices of Nepal Bodybuilding and Fitness Association.
PERSONS IN NEWS
Boris Johnson won the contest to be next British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson has won the contest to replace theresa may as leader of Britain’s Conservative Party and U.K. Prime Minister, party officials announced Tuesday morning.
He beat his rival, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, winning 66.4% of votes cast by members of the ruling Conservative party.
After a six-week leadership race, he won the votes of 92,153 members of the Conservative party, almost twice the 46,656 won by his rival, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt.
The pound has fallen sharply in recent weeks on fears of a no-deal Brexit, and stands near $1.24 and was up against all major peers after the announcement.
Johnson, the face of the 2016 Brexit referendum has just 100 days to negotiate a new divorce deal with the European Union before the UK (United Kingdom).
Boris Johnson:He was born in New York selected as the Member of Parliament for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015 & the member of MP for Henley from 2001 to 2008. He also served as UK foreign minister and London’s Mayor.
Brexit:Brexit is the word referred by merging the words Britain and exit. It means that Britain is leaving the EU(European Union).
IAS officer Ajay Bhadoo appointed as Joint Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind
The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) approved the appointment of Ajay Bhadoo as the Joint Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind for a tenure co-terminus with the President on july 20 . He is a 1999 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Gujarat. He will succeed Randhir Kumar Jaiswal.He is serving as the Vadodara Municipal Commissioner since July 2018.H was the recipient of the Best Collector Award twice for outstanding performance in 2008 and 2010.He also worked as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Vice Chairman of Gujarat Maritime Board, CEO of Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board, Dholera Special Investment Regional Development Authority, Managing Director of Gujarat Industrial Corridor Corporation and Dholera International Airport Company.
Vivek Kohli elected as Commonwealth TT Federation chairman
India’s Vivek Kohli and M P Singh have been elected as chairman and secretary-general respectively of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation (CTTF).
Vivek Kohli defeated incumbent Alan Ransome (England) by securing 16 votes more than him in the elections held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
While MP Singh (secretary-general at Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) was unanimously elected as secretary-general of CTTF.
TTFI chief Dushyant Chautala is already held the CTTF president’s post.
This is the first time all the three positions in CTTF are being held by Indians.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
DEFENCE AND SECURITY
Ministry of home affairs approves Bhabha Kavach –Bullet Proof Jacket
- Bhabha Kavach called as “India’s lightest bulletproof jacket” was launched at the International Police Expo 2019 in New Delhi.The bulletproof jacket is developed by the Ordnance Factories Board (OFB) and metal alloys manufacturer Mishra Dhatu Nigam (MIDHANI) which is headquartered at Hyderabad.
- Each Bharat Kavach has four hard armour plates, to protect the wearer from the front, back and either side. The nanotechnology from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has been used in the making of Bullet Proof Jacket.
- The bullet proof jacket blocks bullets from an AK-47 assault rifle and from 5.46mm INSAS rifle
It weighs 9.2kg, which is 300 gm less than the weight of bulletproof jacket prescribed by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- It has a warranty for a period of 5years.
- OFB announced that the trial of the Bhabha Kavach met the US National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Level III standards, which guarantees protection against 7.62mm NATO- standard bullets.
Union minister launches Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) facility at CCMB
- The Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan in Hyderabad launched NGS facility at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), which will be used for genomics study.
- The Next-Gen Sequencing facility can sequence up to 30 human genomes(or 384 samples) per day which will help researchers to individually tag genomes of up to 80000 cells.
- This process of tagging genomes could be done in 8 minutes.
- The running cost of NGS facility sequencer is Rs.30 lakh (Rs.1 lakh to sequence per genome)
- This NGS facility will help to study completely different DNA contained in a cancerous tissue within a shorter span of time.
- This facility would be of help to patients suffering from rare genetic disorders.
Scientists Build Ramanujan Machine in honor of the Indian maths genius.
Researchers from Technion – Israel Institute of Technology have created an algorithm rather than a machine called Ramanujan Machine to honor the prominent and path-breaking mathematician of the 20th century, Srinivasa Ramanujan.
The Machine attempts to automatically generate conjectures in the form of mathematical formulas that we can analyze, and hopefully, prove to be true mathematically.
Conjectures are a major step in the process of making new discoveries in any branch of science, particularly mathematics.
Typically, people provide the input and the algorithm finds the solution. The Ramanujan Machine reverses the process. So if a constant such as π is fed into the machine, it will generate a series whose value would lead towards π (pi).
Ramanujan was born in 1887 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu & known for his unique and novel way of presenting equations and identities. He independently compiled almost 3,900 identities and equations.
SPORTS(BADMINTON AND TENNIS)
John Isner of America wins Hall of Fame Tennis Championships 2019
- John Isner of America won the Hall of Fame Tennis Championships 2019 in the finals after defeating Alexander Bublik of Kazakhstan with a 7-6(2), 6-3 scores.
- The tournament was the 44th edition which was held at the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island, United States, from July 15 – 21, 2019.
- John Isner became the first player to win four titles. He won 250 ATP Rankings points and $100,600 as a winner of the event.
- Doubles was won by Spain’s Marcel Granollers and Ukrain’s Sergiy Stakhovsky by defeating El Salvador’s Marcelo Arévalo and Mexico’s Miguel Ángel Reyes-Varela in the final by 6–7, 6–4, [13–11]
Indonesia Open 2019
The 38th edition of the Indonesia Open for the year 2019 was held from July 16-21, 2019 at Istora Gelora Bung Karno in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was a Badminton World Federation (BWF) World Tour’s 1000 event. The prize money of the tournament was $1,250,000.
Winners & Runners
|Men’s Singles||Chou Tien Chen (Taiwan)||Anders Antonsen (Denmark)|
|Women’s Singles||Akane Yamaguchi (Japan)||PV Sindhu (India)|
|Men’s Doubles||Marcus Fernaldi Gideon & Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo (Indonesia)||Mohammad Ahsan & Hendra Setiawan (Indonesia)|
|Women’s Doubles||Yuki Fukushima & Sayaka Hirota (Japan)||Misaki Matsutomo & Ayaka Takahashi (Japan)|
|Mixed Doubles||Zheng Siwei & Huang Yaqiong (China)||Wang Yilyu & Huang Dongping (China)|
Kidambi Srikanth, world number 9, was beaten in straight games – 17-21, 19-21 in a 39-minute 2nd-round match by Hong Kong’s Ng Ka Long Angus.
Chou Tien Chen became the first Taiwanese to win the title at the Indonesia Open 2019.
Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships 2019
The 21st Edition of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships for the year 2019 was held from July 17-22, 2019 at the JawaharLal Nehru Indoor Stadium, Cuttack, Odisha. It was conducted by the Odisha State Table Tennis Association under the directions of Table Tennis Federation of India and Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation Ltd.
Winners & Runners
|Men’s Singles||Harmeet Desai (India)||G Sathiyan (India)|
|Women’s Singles||Ayhika Mukherjee (India)||Madurika Patkar (India)|
|Men’s Doubles||Anthony Amalraj & Manav Thakkar (India)||G Sathiyan and Sharath Kamal (India)|
|Women’s Doubles||Pooja Sahasrabudhe & Krtittwika Sinha Roy (India)||Sreeja Akula & Mousumi Paul (India)|
|Mixed Doubles||Sathiyan Gnanasekaran & Archana Kamath (India)||Peng Yu En Koen & Goi Rui Xuan (Singapore)|
Nigeria set to host 2020 FIFA women U-20 World cup
- Federation of International Football Federation has awarded FIFA under 20 Women World Cup 2020 (10thedition) hosting right to Nigeria after 10 years.
- India and South Korea submitted their bids for the 2020 U20 Women’s World Cup but India named as the 2020 U17 Women’s World Cup host.
- The last FIFA event held in Nigeria was the 2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup, which was won by Switzerland.
Shiva Thapa wins first gold for India in President’s Cup 2019
- India boxer Shiva Thapa, a four-time Asian medalist, became India’s first gold medalist at the Kazakhstan President’s Cup Boxing Tournament 2019 by defeating Kazakhstan’s Zakir Safiullin in the finals held in Astana, Kazakhstan in the 63kg category on july 20.
- In Women’s 60kg category, Indian boxer Parveen settled with silver by losing against Kazakhstan’s Rimma Volosenko.
Sweety Boora (81kg) and Duryodhan Singh Negi (69kg) settled with bronze medals.
Adam Peaty becomes a 1st man to swim under 57 sec in the 100m breaststroke
- British competitive swimmer, Adam George Peaty(24) has broken his own world record in the men’s 100-meter breaststroke at the FINA (International Swimming Federation) World Aquatics Championships 2019 held in Gwangju, South Korea.
- The 2016 Olympic champion won World Championships semi-final with 56.88sec becomes a 1st man to swim under 57 sec shattered the previous record of 57.10 sec he set at 2018 European Championships.
- In the final, he finished in 57.14sec beat compatriot James Wilby(UK), with China’s Yan Zibei in third.
He now a five-time world, 12-time European and three-time Commonwealth champion.
Shane Lowry of Ireland wins British Open 2019
- Shane Lowry of Ireland won his maiden golf title at the British Open 2019 by beating England’s Tommy Fleetwood by six strokes.
- It was the 148th Open Championship held from July 18–21, 2019 at Royal Portrush Golf Club in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
- The prize money of the tournament was $10,750,000.Shane Lowry, aged 32, became the second player from the Republic of Ireland to win the Claret Jug after Padraig Harrington. He received $1,935,000.
LJP MP Ramchandra Paswan passed away in New Delhi
Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) Member of Parliament from Bihar’s Samastipur Ramchandra Paswan, passed away at the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital on july 21, 2019,, New Delhi after a brief illness. He was the younger brother of Union minister and LJP chief Ram Vilas Paswan. He was first elected in 1999 and was a four-time MP.He was born on January 1, 1962 in Khagaria, Bihar.
July 16, 2019
The U.S. celebrates the 50-year anniversary of ‘Apollo 11’ human moon landing mission
- The United States celebrated Apollo 11 human moon landing mission. Thousands of model rockets have been launched in Huntsville, Alabama to mark the 50th anniversary.
- US space agency NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration ) celebrated the moment astronauts landed on the moon for the first time 50 years ago, replaying online the original moon landing broadcast from July 20, 1969.
- NASA’s Apollo 11 was launched at Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex-39A on July 16, 1969.
- It carried three astronauts Commander Neil Armstrong, Lunar Module Pilot, Edwin Buzz Aldri, and Command Module Pilot, Michael Collins.
- Out of three, the two astronauts, Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon on July 20, 1969, while Michael Collins stayed in the orbit 60 miles above them in the command module.
- Neil Armstrong became the first person to step onto the surface of the moon followed by Aldrin, who joined him 19 minutes later.
- They collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar material to bring back to Earth.